is Glaucoma Awareness Month, and we’re here to tell you all about the condition
that’s commonly known as the silent thief of vision. While the damage caused by
glaucoma is permanent, treatment can stop it from getting worse, which is why
early diagnosis is key. Understanding the risk factors, symptoms, and
treatments can help with this, so let’s get started.
What Are The Signs Of Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is caused by pressure building up in the fluid within your eye due to blocked drainage channels. As a result, this can damage the optic nerve, causing loss of your peripheral vision first, eventually leading to complete blindness if left undetected and untreated.
are 2 main types of glaucoma:
- primary open-angle glaucoma – this is the most common form, where pressure gradually and painlessly increases without noticeable symptoms until permanent damage has already been done to your vision
- closed-angle glaucoma – this is a medical emergency and can occur when the iris suddenly blocks your eye’s drainage channel, preventing fluid from circulating and leading to rapid pressure build up, with symptoms including:
- blurred vision that comes on quickly
- feelings of nausea and vomiting
- halos or rainbow circles visible around lights
If you notice any symptoms of closed-angle glaucoma, we advise you to call 911 immediately or go to the emergency room so you can be assessed and treated as soon as possible.
glaucoma can affect anybody, you may have a higher risk of developing it if
- are over 40
- have a family history of glaucoma
- are of African, Asian or Hispanic descent
- have had previous eye injuries
- have nearsighted or farsighted vision
- take steroid medication for prolonged periods
- have a cornea with a thin center
- have an optic nerve that is thinning
- suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, or migraines
open-angle glaucoma is usually asymptomatic in the early stages, it’s important
to have regular, comprehensive eye examinations so your eye doctor can carry
out the necessary tests to check your eye pressure and the health of the back
of your eyes.
Davis Eyecare Associates, we use advanced diagnostic tools such as our OCT scan
to detect any changes to your retina, and our M700 Automated Perimeter to
assess your visual fields, which will show if there are any issues with your
We also offer specialist contact lenses that monitor the pressure in your eyes to help keep track of your glaucoma and slow down the progression of the disease.
Glaucoma Treatment Options
first treatment for glaucoma is usually given in the form of medicated eye
drops to reduce your eye pressure. These eye drops are used everyday to successfully
manage your glaucoma.
This treatment is usually effective in most cases, but if it doesn’t reduce your eye pressure enough, you may need to be referred for surgery.
detection and treatment of glaucoma are vital to helping you to protect your
vision. So, if you suspect you or a loved one has symptoms of glaucoma, get in touch now to
speak to our friendly team for advice and book an eye examination for your
peace of mind.